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Global Ecology: The Human Effect

The global ecology is the study of the planet’s plants and animals and how they related to each other. The entire globe is considered one large ecosystem, where everything within it affects others in the ecosystem. Those who study global ecology take the time to understand what interactions happen and what the effect of those interactions means to the next set of animals. Many times, the studying of this ecology is an amazing one, since the study encompasses everything from the largest oaks to the very smallest of organisms called microorganisms. Yet, there is a very problematic area to be seen here, too. Humans have left their footprint on the global ecology and it has not left a good result.

In global ecology, the biome is studied. This is an ecological unit that is made up of many ecosystems (small living environments) and those small ecosystems interact with each other in the biome. In the global ecology, there are nine terrestrial biomes:

• Mountain
• Rainforest
• Grassland
• Coniferous Forest
• Savanna
• Temperate forest
• Tundra
• Desert
• Mediterranean

There are also aquatic biomes:

• Freshwater
• Open ocean
• Coral reef
• Coastal waters

There are many others as well.

What’s the human effect on each of these biomes? There is a significant effect in play in most of them unfortunately. Global ecology has studied and seen the many different ways that people have harmed these fragile ecosystems and biomes.

• Pollution is one of the largest and most obvious of problems to the biomes since it has destroyed many of the habitats of animals around the world. Many of these have been destroyed so much so that they can no longer be repaired.

• Medicines have been lost and many species have become extinct due to the loss of these ecosystems. Many of these species where never discovered in some of the densely forested areas.

• Resources that were once very abundant and providing life to the planet’s animals and plants have been wiped out. Natural resources of other types are at a crucial point of running out.

Scientists believe that the great expanse of the global ecology will be effected by all of these changes and many more. Ecology remains one of the most important areas of study because of the hope that it will gain a better understanding of the impact people have on the environment so that future destruction can be avoided and perhaps even that some of the global ecology that has been lost can be repaired or bettered.

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